Factors Associated with the Use of Modern Contraceptive Methods by Women in Marital Union in the City of Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of the Congo: Cross- Sectional Study

 Abstract

Introduction:

This study aimed to determine the prevalence of modern contraception and to identify factors that are associated with the use of modern contraceptive methods in the city of Lubumbashi.

Methods:

 We conducted a cross-sectional study from April to June 2015, with women in marital union in the city of Lubumbashi, where a sample was drawn. The sampling strata helped us to select households where women were interviewed; Data were collected by interview guided by a questionnaire; tests of Pearson chi-square, at the 5% risk threshold and the prevalence ratio and confidence interval 95% allowed us to determine the association. The Excel and the State software v13.1 helped us to analyze.

Results:

In total 1096 women responded to our questions. The modern contraceptive prevalence was 28.4%. The use of modern methods predictors were age of women ≥ 30 years, the level of university study, the Catholic religious denominations, Protestant, Muslim and Kimbanguistes, formal occupations such as public company, public service and private company, owning a radio and possession 4-5 living children, the high level of knowledge of the methods, the positive attitude, the current discussion with spouses and spousal support.

Conclusion:

The modern contraceptive prevalence was low. Some socio demographic, cultural and obstetric characteristics could be promoted in order to boost the use of modern methods in the city of Lubumbashi.

Keywords: Family Planning; Contraception; Contraceptive Methods; Contraceptive Prevalence

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CT Charles Matungulu

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